Visual data has grown to become one the key elements in understanding data and information presented. With access to hundreds and thousands of different types of data in today’s world, it is critical we use and present this data in the easiest way so that individuals comprehend and analyze this data in order to develop significant stories, information or connections.
A prime example of collecting and presenting data, comes from Florence Nightingale. A nurse during the Crimean war between the Russian and British in the 1850’s, she took care of wounded and fallen soldiers during the war. During this time, Nightingale realized that soldiers began to die more than frequently, this was due to malnutrition, poor sanitation and lack of activity (L.Cmielewski, 2016). Nightingale kept records of the deaths within the medical ward as a part of patient welfare, turning these records into graphs.
Overall the graphs developed by Nightingale indicate that the wounds of the soldiers were not the true responsibility for the deaths occurring within the ward. Suggesting that due to poor conditions and the level of hygiene during this time allowed for diseases to be the main cause of death within the ward.
Ultimately, this allows for us as designers to understand the fundamentals of collecting specific data and creating a clear visual representation of the data so that it can be analyzed and comprehended by other individuals easily.